What this test shows
Insulin resistance is closely linked with obesity, and occurs when the body stops being responsive (becomes less sensitivie) to insulin. This leads to higher and higher levels of insulin being secreted by the pancreas in an attempt to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Insulin resistance is associated with heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Studies suggest that insulin resistance increases the risk for type 2 diabetes by up to 30 times, and cardiovascular disease by up to 4 times. This test measures hs-CRP, fasting insulin, cholesterol (HDL, LDL and VLDL), TC/HDL ratio, triglycerides, TG/HDL ratio, and HbA1C (glycosylated haemoglobin) , a marker of long-term elevated blood glucose levels.
Who this test is for
This test is a helpful screen against insulin resistance for those who lead sedentary lifestyles and experience increasing year on year weight gain – risk of insulin resistance increases by up to 45% in those who gain 5 pounds or more every year. Fatty liver, kidney damage, obstructive sleep apnoea, PCOS, type 2 diabetes, cognitive decline in the elderly, and dementia with aging are also associated with insulin resistance.
Sample type: Blood – you will need to arrange to attend one of our phlebotomy clinics to get a blood draw; click here to find your nearest clinic, surgery or hospital offering this service.
Turnaround time: 10 days